Hal Mendasar Yang Harus Anda Ketahui Sebelum Cetak Foto

Cetak Foto – Ketika anda sudah membuat foto atau anda sudah belajar membuat digital imaging, tentu anda ingin mencetak foto anda ya? Yups, kami kali ini akan memjelaskan sedikit tentang yang kami ketahui dalam hal ukuran cetak foto, cara cetak foto, cetak foto kanvas, printer untuk cetak foto dan hal mencetak foto lainnya. Mari kita sama sama belajar memahami konsep ukuran foto dulu, kemudian ke ukuran cetak foto beserta printer yang akan kita gunakan untuk mencetak foto, sebelum kita ke tahap mencetaknya. Kenapa? Karena hal ini penting ketika kita akan mencetak foto, jika kita tidak mengerti konsep ini maka kemungkinan foto kitapun ketika di cetak bisa kepotong, ataupun ketambahan sedikit he he

1. Ukuran Cetak Foto

Kamera digital ataupun kamera digital single lens reflex (DSLR) memiliki aturan kesepakatan untuk menentukan besarnya resolusi terhadap hasil foto. Yaitu 1280 x 960 ( 1 Mega Pixel), 1600 x 1200 ( 2 Mega Pixel), 3 mega pixel, 4 mega pixel dan seterusnya. Penjelasan dari angka angka di atas adalah, angka angka tersebut menandakan banyaknya pixel yang terdapat dalam gembar atau foto anda. Misalnya begini, jika anda memiliki foto dengan ukuran resolusi 1280 x 960 pixel, berarti ada 1280 pixel di horisontal dan ada 960 pixel di vertikal. Bagaimana? Sudah ada gambarankan sekarang?

Sekarang kita mau bicara melebar ke tingkat kerapatan. Jika anda perhatikan di foto anda atau ketika anda mau membuat proyek baru di photoshop kesayangan anda, ada tulisan 72 dpi terus 300 dpi dan angka lainnya. Angka tersebut adalah ukuran untuk menyatakan tingkat kerapatan suatu foto berdasarkan dari pixel pixel tersebut, dan pixel pixel tersebut di hitung dalam satuan ukuran inch. Dpi kalau di jabarkan adalah dot per inch.

2. Printer Untuk Cetak Foto

Nah, jika anda pernah melihat atau mendengar temen anda berbicara soal printernya yang super hebat dan yang diomongin soal kemampuan printernya untuk mencetak foto ataupun kertas, atau di kardusnya atau di manual booknya ada tulisan printer yang anda gunakan berkemampuan cetak 300 dpi, 600 dpi, 1200 dpi, 2400 dpi, bahkan 4800 dpi. Nih, sekarang kita jabarin maksut dari tulisan tersebut. Itu tentunya ada hubungannya dengan kemampuan printer yang anda punyai tersebut. Contohnya gini, kalau anda punya printer dengan spesifikasi kemampuan cetak foto 300 dpi, itu artinya printer anda tersebut bisa mencetak sebanyak 300 titik atau dot sepanjang garis 1 inch atau 2,54 cm. Begitupun dengan spesifikasi printer lainnya. Jadi maksut dari angka tersebut adalah berhubungan dengan kemampuan printer tersebut untuk membuat titik titik (dot) di setiap inch nya. Semakin besar angka atau kemampuan cetak di foto anda, maka semakin kaya warna di dalam foto atau hasil cetak foto printer anda. Karena semakin rapat titik titik (dot) yang di hasilkan untuk mencetak foto tersebut.

3. Ukuran Cetak Foto Kanvas

Jika kita perhatikan, dan seperti uraian di atas maka kita dapat mengambil suatu hal umum yaitu kemampuan cetak suatu mesin printer biasanya berkemampuan cetak 300 dpi. Sehingga jika kita akan melakukan pencetakan foto harus mempunyai standart cetak minimum. Berikut daftarnya:

  • Cetak Foto 3R = 8,9 X 12,7 Cm @300 Dpi = 1051 X 1500 Pixel
  • Cetak Foto 4R = 10,2 X 15,2 Cm @300 Dpi = 1205 X 1795 Pixel
  • Cetak Foto 5R = 12,7 X 17,8 Cm @300 Dpi = 1500 X 2102 Pixel
  • Cetak Foto 6R = 15,2 X 21,6 Cm @300 Dpi = 1795 X 2551 Pixel
  • Cetak Foto 8R = 20,3 X 25,4 Cm @300 Dpi = 2398 X 3000 Pixel
  •  Cetak Foto 8R Plus = 20,3 X 30,5 Cm @300 Dpi = 2398 X 3602 Pixel
  • Cetak Foto 10R = 25,4 X 30,5 Cm @300 Dpi = 3000 X 3602 Pixel
  • Cetak Foto 10R Plus = 25,4 X 38,1 Cm @300 Dpi = 3000 X 4500 Pixel

Penjelasannya seperti berikut ini ya dalam sebuah contoh kamera digital:
3R (8,9  cmx 12,7 cm) = ( 8,9 cm : 2,54) x 300 dpi = 1051 pixel, (12,7 cm : 2,54) x 300 dpi= 1500 pixel.

Dari contoh diatas maka resolusi kamera digital yang paling mendekati adalah 2MP yaitu 1600 x 1200. Tetapi ada perbedaan rasio panjang lebar antara file kamera digital dan standart kertas foto. Jika rasio pada foto yang dihasilkan kamera adalah (4:3) sedangkan kertas foto standart rasionya (3:2), maka jika kita mencetaknya akan terjadi cropping.

Cukup sekian dulu kita berbagi tips untuk belajar tahu tentang seputar cetak foto, terima kasih sudah mampir di website kami.

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